Tag: Toruń

Tag: Toruń

Around & About in Bydgoszcz

In addition to our recommended Top 10 things to do in Bydgoszcz, there are a number of other interesting places to visit in the city and in the surrounding area.

If you have time on your hands and have already explored our top recommendations, other interesting things to see include; The Legend of the Archer, a statue of a female archer unveiled in 1910 and to this day, nobody knows who the model was. Another interesting sculpture can be found in Nicolaus Copernicus Square. In the streets of Bydgoszcz, you may find dead tree trunks which have been turned into sculptures.

Toruń

The city of Toruń is only 46km away from Bydgoszcz and is definitely worth a day trip, the whole city has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland and has many monuments of architecture dating back to the Middle Ages. The city is famous for having preserved almost intact its medieval spatial layout and many Gothic buildings, all built from brick, including monumental churches, the Town Hall and many burgher houses.

Toruń was left mercifully untouched by World War II and a walk through the city today provides a complete picture of life back during medieval times. You’ll find Gothic parish churches in both the Old Town and the New Town in addition to medieval brick townhouses complete with Gothic façades, partition walls, stucco-decorated ceilings, vaulted cellars, and painted decoration.

Exploseum

The Exploseum is an open-air museum of industrial architecture combined with a museum of 20th century technology outskirts of the city, in Bydgoszcz Industrial Park. It is built around the World War II Nazi Germany munitions factory DAG Fabrik Bromberg and covers the life of the forced laborers (prisoners of war and concentration camp inmates of various nations), their acts of sabotage and  the history of the DAG and of Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. A significant part of the 2 kilometre-long museum route are underground passages connecting the factory buildings. DAG Fabrik Bromberg was an explosives factory manufacturing smokeless powder, TNT and nitro-glycerine for the Wehrmacht.

Biskupin

52km away is Biskupin, an archaeological site and a life-size model of a late Bronze Age fortified settlement in north-central Poland that also serves as an archaeological open-air museum. The site is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments.

Medieval Town Of Toruń

The Medieval Town of Toruń owes its origins to the Teutonic Order, which built a castle in the town in the mid-13th century as a base for the conquest and evangelisation of Prussia. This acted as a catalyst for the growth, importance and popularity of the town and it soon developed a commercial role as part of the Hanseatic League.

In the Old and New Town, the many imposing public and private buildings from the 14th and 15th centuries (among them the house of Nicolaus Copernicus) are striking evidence of Torun’s stature.

Toruń is a remarkably well preserved example of a medieval European trading and administrative centre. The city was founded in the period when Christianity was being spread through Eastern Europe by the military monks of the Teutonic Order, and when rapid growth in trade between the countries of the Baltic Sea and Eastern Europe was being spurred by the Hanseatic League.

The Medieval Town of Toruń is comprised of three elements: the ruins of the Teutonic Castle, the Old Town, and the New Town, all surrounded by a circuit of defensive walls.

The majority of the castle was destroyed during an uprising in 1454, when the local townspeople revolted against the Teutonic Order. The ruins and the archaeological remains have been excavated and safeguarded.

An exceptionally complete picture of the medieval way of life is illustrated in the original street patterns and early buildings of Toruń. Both the Old Town and the New Town have Gothic parish churches and numerous fine medieval brick townhouses, many of which have retained their original Gothic façades, partition walls, stucco-decorated ceilings, vaulted cellars, and painted decoration.

Many townhouses in Toruń were used for both residential and commercial purposes. A fine example is the house in which Nicolaus Copernicus was reputedly born in 1473; it has been preserved as a museum devoted to the famous astronomer’s life and achievements.

The townhouses often included storage facilities and remarkable brick granaries, some of which were up to five storeys high. Because so many houses have survived from this period, the medieval plots are for the most part still preserved, delineated by their original brick boundary walls.

Today, the Medieval Town of Toruń shares the title of capital city of the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship with the city of Bydgoszcz. The entire city is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for being an unusually well-preserved example of a medieval European trading and administrative centre.

The Medieval Town of Toruń has benefited from numerous renovation projects in recent years, in particular the Old Town area. Buildings, pavements, streets and squares have been painstakingly reconstructed reversing them to their historic appearance.