Kuyavia-Pomerania – updated 22 September 2022
Kuyavia-Pomerania (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is situated in mid-northern Poland in the lower Vistula valley. It has two main cities, which act as the province’s joint capitals, Bydgoszcz and Toruń with the latter being a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Kuyavia-Pomerania is an important province when you consider Polish heritage and early history. Throughout the region you will find monuments to Poland’s past such as the archaeological open-air museum in Biskupin; which is a life-size model of a late Bronze age fortified settlement dating all the way back to 8th century BC.
In Kruszwica, you will find the Collegiate Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, a granite and sandstone Romanesque Roman Catholic church founded in 1120.
Leaning Tower of Toruń
The 13th century Leaning Tower of Toruń is a popular tourist attraction, it is a medieval tower known as a leaning tower because the top of the tower is displaced 1.5 metres from where it would be if the tower were perfectly vertical. Another attraction with historical links is the Benedictine monastery in Mogilno, rebuilt numerous times but originally constructed in 1065.
The Piast Trail is the oldest tourist and historical trail in Poland, and it runs through the western part of the province.
Poland is home to many Teutonic castles and the province of Kuyavia-Pomerania has a few that are in ruins but also a few that have been preserved.
The most famous one in the region is the Golub-Dobrzyń Castle of the Teutonic Knights, built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, later rebuilt and extended in the 15th century. Between 1616 and 1623 it was a residence of Anna of Finland; during this period a Renaissance attic was added. The castle was destroyed during The Deluge. In the 19th century, it was neglected, and a gale caused the collapse of its attic. After 1945 the castle was rebuilt and renovated.
The region is also home to a few spa resorts of which Ciechocinek is the best known.
The town of Chełmno is located within the region. Chełmno’s history is associated with the Teutonic Knights who made it their capital city in 1233.
Visitors are attracted to the town’s well-preserved medieval centre, with five Gothic churches and a beautiful Renaissance town hall in the middle of the market square, in addition to an impressive 2km ring of defensive walls with 23 watch towers and the Grudziadz Gate.