Medieval old town
What to see in Biecz
Corpus Christi Church is one of the most important churches in Poland, it houses the relics of Queen Jadwiga. The church is built of stone and brick, and decorated with patterns of strongly fired bricks. The oldest part of the church is the presbytery, which was completed before 1480. This date was inscribed on a support beam, and probably indicates the year in which expansion was begun. According to the monument registry of the Kingdom of Poland, construction first began in 1326. The presbytery entrance is framed by a 15th-century painted screen of the Passion of Jesus Christ. To the sides are 17th-century stalls. A music pulpit that dates back to 1633, and which is the oldest such monument of its kind in Europe, can be found on the altar.
Historically, a trumpeter played the hejnał from the bell tower when the city gates were opened, morning, noon, and night. This tradition ended with the collapse of the old bell tower in 1569, which killed the town trumpeter. In 2005, the tradition was restarted, and today the hejnał is played every day at noon.
The Hospital of the Holy Spirit is the oldest preserved hospital in Poland. On 25 July 1395, Queen Jadwiga signed a royal edict ordering the construction of the hospital, granting tax breaks for the duration of construction. The budget provided by the queen was one of the largest of its kind in the country.
The Biecz city walls date back to the beginnings of the 14th century, when approximately 1,200 meters of walls protected the city. During the course of history, the city's defense systems altered to reflect the changing technologies of war, and today there remain only fragments of the original defenses. These fragments can be seen near Corpus Christi Church and the hospital of the Holy Ghost. Of the seventeen original towers, only three remain standing.