Medieval old town
Biecz is a small town in southern Poland, located in the Lesser Poland Voivodeship region. It is known for its well-preserved medieval old town, which is considered one of the best examples of Gothic architecture in the country. The town center is surrounded by a well-preserved defensive wall, which dates back to the 14th century, and features several towers and gates.
One of the main tourist attractions in Biecz is the Gothic St. James’ Church, which is considered one of the most beautiful churches in Poland. Another popular attraction is the Renaissance town hall, which dates back to the 16th century and features a beautiful arcade courtyard.
The town also has a number of historical houses, some of which have been converted into museums and cultural centers.
Biecz is also known for its natural beauty, as it is located in the Beskids mountain range and is surrounded by forests and hills. This makes it a popular destination for outdoor activities such as hiking and biking.
Whether you are interested in history, culture, or just looking for a relaxing getaway in the countryside, Biecz is a destination that will not disappoint. So come and discover the many wonders of this charming and historic town for yourself!
What to see in Biecz
Corpus Christi Church is one of the most important churches in Poland, it houses the relics of Queen Jadwiga. The church is built of stone and brick, and decorated with patterns of strongly fired bricks. The oldest part of the church is the presbytery, which was completed before 1480. This date was inscribed on a support beam, and probably indicates the year in which expansion was begun. According to the monument registry of the Kingdom of Poland, construction first began in 1326. The presbytery entrance is framed by a 15th-century painted screen of the Passion of Jesus Christ. To the sides are 17th-century stalls. A music pulpit that dates back to 1633, and which is the oldest such monument of its kind in Europe, can be found on the altar.
Historically, a trumpeter played the hejnał from the bell tower when the city gates were opened, morning, noon, and night. This tradition ended with the collapse of the old bell tower in 1569, which killed the town trumpeter. In 2005, the tradition was restarted, and today the hejnał is played every day at noon.
The Hospital of the Holy Spirit is the oldest preserved hospital in Poland. On 25 July 1395, Queen Jadwiga signed a royal edict ordering the construction of the hospital, granting tax breaks for the duration of construction. The budget provided by the queen was one of the largest of its kind in the country.
The Biecz city walls date back to the beginnings of the 14th century, when approximately 1,200 meters of walls protected the city. During the course of history, the city’s defense systems altered to reflect the changing technologies of war, and today there remain only fragments of the original defenses. These fragments can be seen near Corpus Christi Church and the hospital of the Holy Ghost. Of the seventeen original towers, only three remain standing.
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