Love is in the air
Chelmno (Chełmno) is located in northern Poland, within the Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship. The town is a very popular day trip destination for tourists visiting Toruń, which is just 44km away and Bydgoszcz, which is 47km away.
Chelmno’s history is associated with the Teutonic Knights who made it their capital city in 1233. Visitors are attracted to the town’s well-preserved medieval centre, with five Gothic churches and a beautiful Renaissance town hall in the middle of the market square, in addition to an impressive 2km ring of defensive walls with 23 watch towers and the Grudziadz Gate.
Nowadays, Chelmno is being promoted as a city of love and lovers. The first textbook for lovers, ‘Handbook for lovers’ was published here in 1893. Chelmno becomes a major tourist attraction on 14th February every year, when thousands of visitors descend on the town to celebrate Valentine’s Day. They come to see an unusual relic kept in a parish church – small pieces of skull belonging to St. Valentine, the patron saint of love.
In addition to the medieval attractions Chelmno has to offer, there’s a few other notable things to see and do. Planty Park is a popular location for walks and a favourite spot for the locals to chill out and unwind. Other attractions include The Crusader Castle Miniature Park and the Medieval Knights Village complete with torture chamber.
Kuyavia-Pomerania is an important province when you consider Polish heritage and early history.
Throughout the region you will find monuments to Poland’s past such as the archaeological open-air museum in Biskupin; which is a life-size model of a late Bronze age fortified settlement dating all the way back to 8th century BC.
Poland is home to many Teutonic castles and the province of Kuyavia-Pomerania has a few that are in ruins but also a few that have been preserved.
The most famous one in the region is the Golub-Dobrzyń Castle of the Teutonic Knights, built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, later rebuilt and extended in the 15th century.
Between 1616 and 1623 it was a residence of Anna of Finland; during this period a Renaissance attic was added. The castle was destroyed during The Deluge. In the 19th century, it was neglected and a gale caused the collapse of its attic. After 1945 the castle was rebuilt and renovated.
Toruń is the most interesting city in the region. The entire city is listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site for being an unusually well-preserved example of a medieval European trading and administrative centre. The city is made up of three areas: the Old Town to the west, the New Town to the east and Toruń castle in the south east.