Tag: Biskupin

Tag: Biskupin

Around & About in Bydgoszcz

In addition to our recommended Top 10 things to do in Bydgoszcz, there are a number of other interesting places to visit in the city and in the surrounding area.

If you have time on your hands and have already explored our top recommendations, other interesting things to see include; The Legend of the Archer, a statue of a female archer unveiled in 1910 and to this day, nobody knows who the model was. Another interesting sculpture can be found in Nicolaus Copernicus Square. In the streets of Bydgoszcz, you may find dead tree trunks which have been turned into sculptures.

Toruń

The city of Toruń is only 46km away from Bydgoszcz and is definitely worth a day trip, the whole city has been designated as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Toruń is one of the oldest cities in Poland and has many monuments of architecture dating back to the Middle Ages. The city is famous for having preserved almost intact its medieval spatial layout and many Gothic buildings, all built from brick, including monumental churches, the Town Hall and many burgher houses.

Toruń was left mercifully untouched by World War II and a walk through the city today provides a complete picture of life back during medieval times. You’ll find Gothic parish churches in both the Old Town and the New Town in addition to medieval brick townhouses complete with Gothic façades, partition walls, stucco-decorated ceilings, vaulted cellars, and painted decoration.

Exploseum

The Exploseum is an open-air museum of industrial architecture combined with a museum of 20th century technology outskirts of the city, in Bydgoszcz Industrial Park. It is built around the World War II Nazi Germany munitions factory DAG Fabrik Bromberg and covers the life of the forced laborers (prisoners of war and concentration camp inmates of various nations), their acts of sabotage and  the history of the DAG and of Alfred Nobel, the inventor of dynamite. A significant part of the 2 kilometre-long museum route are underground passages connecting the factory buildings. DAG Fabrik Bromberg was an explosives factory manufacturing smokeless powder, TNT and nitro-glycerine for the Wehrmacht.

Biskupin

52km away is Biskupin, an archaeological site and a life-size model of a late Bronze Age fortified settlement in north-central Poland that also serves as an archaeological open-air museum. The site is one of Poland's official national Historic Monuments.

Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie)

Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie) is often referred to as being the “Cradle of Poland” and if you want to experience the essence of Poland’s eventful history, this is the province to head to. The Polish state was founded here in the Middle Ages with the cities of Poznań and Gniezno being the early centres of royal power. Gniezno was once the capital of Poland prior to being moved to Kraków.

Today, Greater Poland is a historical province with an immense pride in its long history, the largest city is Poznań, followed by Kalisz, which is the oldest city in the country.

Kalisz was first mentioned in the 2nd century AD as Calisia, a trading settlement on the Amber Route between the Roman Empire and the Baltic Sea. Gniezno has a charming Old Town with winding streets and colourful, slope-roofed buildings. Both towns provide attractions worthy of a day trip.

15 km south of Poznań is an area of around 75 square kilometres of forest and lakes, which forms the Wielkopolska National Park. The province also contains part of Drawa National Park and has several Landscape Parks including the Rogalin Landscape Park, which is famous for its 2000 monumental oak trees.

The city of Poznań has many interesting sights, a huge student population and a very lively vibe. The city centre is buzzing at all times of the day and night and is packed full of restaurants, bars and clubs.

Away from the cities, you will find delightful towns, rural scenery and a good choice of attractions including the Iron Age settlement in Biskupin, the great cathedral of Gniezno, castles, palaces and churches.

The sleepy lakeside town of Kórnik is very popular with tourists because of its small, distinctive castle, the town of Żnin attracts railway enthusiasts due to its steam train and Rogalin Palace Museum helps visitors understand Poland’s historical noble and opulent past.

Rydzyna is a historic town within the region and was the seat of King Stanislaus I during his first short reign from 1704 to 1709. The town has a delightful preserved old town and a multitude of historical buildings and is often referred to as ‘the pearl of the Polish baroque.’

Kuyavia-Pomerania (Kujawsko-Pomorskie)

Kuyavia-Pomerania (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is situated in mid-northern Poland in the lower Vistula valley. It has two main cities; which act as the province’s joint capitals, Bydgoszcz and Toruń with the latter being a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Kuyavia-Pomerania is an important province when you consider Polish heritage and early history. Throughout the region you will find monuments to Poland’s past such as the archaeological open-air museum in Biskupin; which is a life-size model of a late Bronze age fortified settlement dating all the way back to 8th century BC.

In Kruszwica, you will find the Collegiate Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, a granite and sandstone Romanesque Roman Catholic church founded in 1120.

The 13th century Leaning Tower of Toruń is a popular tourist attraction, it is a medieval tower known as a leaning tower because the top of the tower is displaced 1.5 metres from where it would be if the tower were perfectly vertical. Another attraction with historical links is the Benedictine monastery in Mogilno, rebuilt numerous times but originally constructed in 1065.

The Piast Trail is the oldest tourist and historical trail in Poland and it runs through the western part of the province.

Poland is home to many Teutonic castles and the province of Kuyavia-Pomerania has a few that are in ruins but also a few that have been preserved.

The most famous one in the region is the Golub-Dobrzyń Castle of the Teutonic Knights, built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, later rebuilt and extended in the 15th century. Between 1616 and 1623 it was a residence of Anna of Finland; during this period a Renaissance attic was added. The castle was destroyed during The Deluge. In the 19th century, it was neglected and a gale caused the collapse of its attic. After 1945 the castle was rebuilt and renovated.

The region is also home to a few spa resorts of which Ciechocinek is the best known.

The town of Chełmno is located within the region. Chełmno’s history is associated with the Teutonic Knights who made it their capital city in 1233.

Visitors are attracted to the town’s well-preserved medieval centre, with five Gothic churches and a beautiful Renaissance town hall in the middle of the market square, in addition to an impressive 2km ring of defensive walls with 23 watch towers and the Grudziadz Gate.