Category: Towns in Poland

Category: Towns in Poland

Lublin (Lubelskie)

Lublin Province

Lublin Province – updated 23 September 2022

Lublin Province is located in south-eastern Poland and is named after its regional capital, the city of Lublin. The region has two National Parks, Polesie National Park and Roztocze National Park in addition to 17 Landscape Parks. It also has a number of historical sites including the UNESCO-listed Old Town in Zamość.

Lublin province

Health Spas

Lublin province attracts visitors and tourists from near and far with a multitude of attractions and things to do such as hiking in the Vistula glacial valley, boat trips along the river in Kazimierz Dolny or treatment at one of the provinces many health spas.

World War II

Prior to World War II, the area was one of the world’s leading centres of Judaism with 300,000 Jews living there. During the war, the area became the site of the Majdanek concentration camp, Bełżec extermination camp and Sobibór extermination camp in addition to several labour camps. After the war, the few surviving Jews largely left the area; today there is some restoration of areas of Jewish historical interest, and a surge of tourism by Jews seeking to view their families' historical roots.

Majdanek Concentration Camp

Kazimierz Dolny

The western part of the province is the most visited by tourists, in particular the town of Kazimierz Dolny, a hugely popular weekend getaway for Warsaw and Lublin residents. Many painters retreat to this small town to paint and sell their work and galleries can be found in almost every street.

Lublin province

Lublin

The city of Lublin is definitely worthy of a day trip, it has a thriving cultural and academic scene, a small but quaint Old Town and an impressive collection of Renaissance and baroque townhouses. There are plenty of sites to explore such as Lublin Castle, the Donjon Castle Tower, the Metropolitan Cathedral of Lublin, the Trinity Tower, and the Lublin Underground Trail.

Zamość

Other popular places to visit in the province include: Zamość with its unique Old Town architecture, the Lublin Renaissance Route, the Museum of Southern Podlasie, Chełm Chalk Tunnels and the Zamoyski Museum in Kozłówka.

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Silesia (Slaskie)

Silesia

Silesia – updated 23 September 2022

Silesia Voivodeship is located in southern Poland and has the city of Katowice as its capital. The province is one of the most important industrial regions of Poland with a proud history of mining.

Silesia province

Densely populated

The Silesia region is the most densely populated voivodeship in Poland (379 people per square kilometre, compared to the national average of 124) and also one of the wealthiest. Over 13% of Poland’s gross domestic product (GDP) is generated there.

Landscape Parks

There’s much more to the Silesia Voivodeship than industry, the region also has 8 Landscape Parks including: the Eagle Nests Landscape Park, the Little Beskids Landscape Park and the Silesian Beskids Landscape Park. You’ll also find nature preserves and mountain ranges within the region.

Trail of the Eagles Nests

Taking the Trail of the Eagles Nests is a great way to explore many historical sites including a chain of 25 medieval castles between Częstochowa and Kraków. The trail has been named the “Eagle's Nests”, as most of the castles are located on large, tall rocks of the Polish Jura Chain featuring many limestone cliffs, monadnocks and valleys below.

Tourist attractions

Favourite tourist destinations include the castle in Pszczyna or the Hochbergs hunting lodge in Promnice and mining facilities such as the “Guido” Coal Mine, the Queen Louise Adit and UNESCO listed Tarnowskie Góry Silver Mine which have been turned into fascinating and educational underground tourist attractions.

Guido Coal Mine

Winter sports

The town of Bielsko-Biała is surrounded by the Beskidy Mountains and this part of the region is very popular with winter sports enthusiasts. There are around 200 km of ski routes to enjoy serviced by over 150 ski lifts. Many of the ski slopes are equipped with artificial snow generators and are illuminated at night. The most visited winter resorts are Szczyrk, Brenna, Wisła and Ustroń.

Jasna Góra

Each year, millions of pilgrims from all over Poland flock to Jasna Góra in Częstochowa, mainly to see the blessed icon of the Black Madonna. Pilgrims travel on foot for several days often covering hundreds of kilometres.

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Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie)

Greater Poland

Greater Poland – updated 22 September 2022

Greater Poland (Wielkopolskie) is often referred to as being the “Cradle of Poland” and if you want to experience the essence of Poland’s eventful history, this is the province to head to.

The Polish state was founded here in the Middle Ages with the cities of Poznan and Gniezno being the early centres of royal power. Gniezno was once the capital of Poland prior to being moved to Krakow.

Today, Greater Poland is a historical province with an immense pride in its long history, the largest city is Poznan, followed by Kalisz, which is the oldest city in the country.

Kalisz

Kalisz was first mentioned in the 2nd century AD as Calisia, a trading settlement on the Amber Route between the Roman Empire and the Baltic Sea. Gniezno has a charming Old Town with winding streets and colourful, slope-roofed buildings. Both towns provide attractions worthy of a day trip.

Greater Poland

Wielkopolska National Park

15 km south of Poznan is an area of around 75 square kilometres of forest and lakes, which forms the Wielkopolska National Park. The province also contains part of Drawa National Park and has several Landscape Parks including the Rogalin Landscape Park, which is famous for its 2000 monumental oak trees.

Poznan

The city of Poznan has many interesting sights, a huge student population and a very lively vibe. The city centre is buzzing at all times of the day and night and is packed full of restaurants, bars and clubs.

Greater Poland

Iron Age settlement

Away from the cities, you will find delightful towns, rural scenery and a good choice of attractions including the Iron Age settlement in Biskupin, the great cathedral of Gniezno, castles, palaces and churches.

Kórnik

The sleepy lakeside town of Kórnik is very popular with tourists because of its small, distinctive castle, the town of Żnin attracts railway enthusiasts due to its steam train and Rogalin Palace Museum helps visitors understand Poland’s historical noble and opulent past.

The pearl of the Polish baroque

Rydzyna is a historic town within the region and was the seat of King Stanislaus I during his first short reign from 1704 to 1709. The town has a delightful preserved old town and a multitude of historical buildings and is often referred to as ‘the pearl of the Polish baroque.’

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Lubusz (Lubuskie)

Lubusz

Lubusz – updated 23 September 2022

Lubusz is a region on the western side of Poland, which is well-known because of its forests, lakes and parks. Nearly 50% of the province is covered in woodland and the northern and central areas are home to a multitude of lakes. Dotted around the area are bathing resorts, holiday centres and farms providing accommodation and services to the many tourists who visit Lubusz each year.

Lubusz

Parks

The main attractions in the Lubusz region are the Drawa National Park, the Warta Estuary National Park and the 19th century Mużakowski Park, which is a landscape park located on both sides of the Polish-German border. The province attracts cyclists, hikers, horse riders and kayakers and is also very popular with hunters and mushroom pickers.

The City of Wine

The two main cities in the Lubusz region are Gorzów Wielkopolski and Zielona Góra, the latter going by the nickname “The City of Wine” due to its many vineyards including the old Wine Park in the city centre.

Tourist attractions

The city has numerous tourist attractions and important historical sites such as the Palm House on Wine Hill and the preserved medieval Old Town and Market Square. Gorzów Wielkopolski is home to St. Mary's Cathedral, which has an interesting history and was founded at the end of the 12th century.

Another popular attraction in Lubusz is the village of Lagow, which has a spectacular lake divided by the village centre in the middle. It is also home to a castle built by the Knights Hospitallers during the 14th century.

Lubusz

The small town of Żagań is famous for its huge 13th-century Church of the Assumption and the Gothic 14th-century Church of Saints Peter and Paul.

Bats

South of the town of Międzyrzecz is a 30 km long network of fortifications built by the Germans just prior to World War II known as the Miedzyrzecz Reinforced Region. A section of this underground network is designated as the Nietoperek Bat Nature Reserve, central Europe’s most important bat hibernation site, which provides shelter to some 30,000 bats of 12 different species.

Masovia (Mazowieckie)

Masovia

Masovia – updated 23 September 2022

Masovia (Mazowieckie) is located in mid-north-eastern Poland and has the city of Warsaw as its unofficial capital. It has an area of around 35,000 square kilometres and a population of just over 5 million.

Kampinos National Park

Protected land

Masovia has a lowland landscape with forests (mainly pine and oak) that cover 20% of the entire area. The primary forests are Kampinos Forest, Puszcza Biała and Puszcza Zielona. Nearly 30% of Masovia is classified as protected land comprising of Kampinos National Park, 171 nature reserves and 62 protected landscape sites.

Warsaw Chopin Airport

Masovia attracts many thousands of visitors from within Poland and from abroad. The region is home to Warsaw Chopin Airport, the busiest airport in Poland and many tourists stay in the province for a few days prior to exploring the other regions in the country.

Kampinos National Park

Kampinos National Park is one of the largest national parks in Poland and is popular with tourists making day trips from Warsaw to hike and cycle among the park's primeval forests, sand dunes, and marshland. The park has 300km of marked walking and cycling trails to enjoy and has been designated as a UNESCO biosphere reserve.

Warsaw

Masovia is the centre of infrastructure, industry, education, research & science in the country. It is ranked first in the country according to Gross Domestic Product, due entirely to Warsaw, which is the financial centre of East-Central Europe. The area has the lowest unemployment rate in Poland and is classified as a very high-income province.

Masovia

Warsaw is home to many theatres and well-known institutions such as the National Philharmonic, the National Opera House & the National Library and is also home to many monuments and impressive historical buildings. Warsaw Old Town was almost completely demolished during World War II but was restored back to its former glory and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Frédéric Chopin

There are plenty of interesting things to see in Masovia outside of Warsaw. You can find impressive cathedrals in Płock and Łowicz, and the manor house where Frédéric Chopin was born in Żelazowa Wola.

Castles in Masovia

There are many castles to explore in the region such as Czersk, Pułtusk, Ciechanów, Opinogóra, Rawa Mazowiecka, Sochaczew and Liw, you’re also find interesting churches, palaces and parks.

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Kuyavia-Pomerania (Kujawsko-Pomorskie)

Kuyavia-Pomerania

Kuyavia-Pomerania – updated 22 September 2022

Kuyavia-Pomerania (Kujawsko-Pomorskie) is situated in mid-northern Poland in the lower Vistula valley. It has two main cities, which act as the province’s joint capitals, Bydgoszcz and Toruń with the latter being a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Biskupin

Kuyavia-Pomerania is an important province when you consider Polish heritage and early history. Throughout the region you will find monuments to Poland’s past such as the archaeological open-air museum in Biskupin; which is a life-size model of a late Bronze age fortified settlement dating all the way back to 8th century BC.

Kuyavia-Pomerania

Kruszwica

In Kruszwica, you will find the Collegiate Church of St. Peter and St. Paul, a granite and sandstone Romanesque Roman Catholic church founded in 1120.

Leaning Tower of Toruń

The 13th century Leaning Tower of Toruń is a popular tourist attraction, it is a medieval tower known as a leaning tower because the top of the tower is displaced 1.5 metres from where it would be if the tower were perfectly vertical. Another attraction with historical links is the Benedictine monastery in Mogilno, rebuilt numerous times but originally constructed in 1065.

Piast Trail

The Piast Trail is the oldest tourist and historical trail in Poland, and it runs through the western part of the province.

Poland is home to many Teutonic castles and the province of Kuyavia-Pomerania has a few that are in ruins but also a few that have been preserved.

Golub-Dobrzyń Castle

The most famous one in the region is the Golub-Dobrzyń Castle of the Teutonic Knights, built at the turn of the 13th and 14th centuries, later rebuilt and extended in the 15th century. Between 1616 and 1623 it was a residence of Anna of Finland; during this period a Renaissance attic was added. The castle was destroyed during The Deluge. In the 19th century, it was neglected, and a gale caused the collapse of its attic. After 1945 the castle was rebuilt and renovated.

Kuyavia-Pomerania

The region is also home to a few spa resorts of which Ciechocinek is the best known.

Chełmno

The town of Chełmno is located within the region. Chełmno’s history is associated with the Teutonic Knights who made it their capital city in 1233.

Visitors are attracted to the town’s well-preserved medieval centre, with five Gothic churches and a beautiful Renaissance town hall in the middle of the market square, in addition to an impressive 2km ring of defensive walls with 23 watch towers and the Grudziadz Gate.

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